#唐卡艺术 TangKa Art
类型：勉唐 热贡 唐彩
Brief Introduction of Thangka
Thangka is a Tibetan silk painting with embroidery, usually depicting a Buddhist deity, scene, or mandala of some sort. The origin of Thangka can be traced back to 7th century.
Thangkas can be grouped by two types based on technique and material. One is painted and the other is made of silk. The paints of Thangka are made from natural stuff such as rare mineral and organic pigments tempered with a herb and glue solution. Generally, thangkas last a very long time and retain much of their luster. Because of their delicate nature, they have to be kept in dry places where moisture won't affect the quality of the silk. It is sometimes called a scroll-painting.
Thangkas served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.
Because the art is explicitly religious, all symbols and allusions must be in accordance with strict guidelines laid out in Buddhist scripture. The artist must be properly trained and have sufficient religious understanding, knowledge, and background to create an accurate and appropriate thangka.
Here are some Thangka displayed in the Shing Good Museum:
莲花生Lian Hua Sheng-Produced in the Period of the Republic of China(1911-1949)Lian Hua Sheng, one of the most honorable bodhisattva
in Tibetan Buddhism, is famous for his high skill of defeating monsters.
This Thangka was hand painted on a whole cow leather.
释迦牟尼Sakyamuni Buddha (Produced in Modern Times)
Sakyamuni is the founder of Buddhism. This Thangka was painted by a lama and presented to a Tibetan as a gift. The Tibetan language at the bottom means: Safeness and Happiness will always be with you day and night.
十一面观音The bodhisattva of 11 faces (Produced in Modern Times)
There are different expressions of the 11 faces. The 3 in the front are expression of happiness when seeing people doing good; the 3 at the left side shows expression of anger when seeing bad behavior of people; the 3 at the right side are expression of praise when seeing people pious; The back one is laughter and the top one is to prevent all sentient beings from falling into evil states and lead them towards salvation or enlightenment.
西藏医药唐卡A Thangka of Tibetan Herbal Medicine (Produced in Mid of Qing Dynasty)
This is the oldest colorful painting of herbal medicine in the world. This Thangka was painted by a Tibetan doctor for narration of a classic masterpiece of Tibetan herbal medicine.
大威德金刚Yamantaka（Produced in Mid of Qing Dynasty)
He is one of the five most famous warrior attendants of Buddha. The meaning of his name is “Conqueror of Death”, so he looks very aggressive.